**Authors:**
Alessandro Giuliani, Stefan Mueller

**Title:** *
Striped periodic minimizers of a two-dimensional model for martensitic phase transitions
*

**Abstract: **
In this paper we consider a simplified two-dimensional scalar model for the formation of mesoscopic domain patterns in martensitic shape-memory alloys at the interface between a region occupied by the parent (austenite) phase and a region occupied by the product (martensite) phase, which can occur in two variants (twins). The model, first proposed by Kohn and Mueller, is defined by the following functional: $${\cal E}(u)=\beta||u(0,\cdot)||^2_{H^{1/2}([0,h])}+ \int_{0}^{L} dx \int_0^h dy \big(|u_x|^2 + \epsilon |u_{yy}| \big)$$ where $u:[0,L]\times[0,h]\to R$ is periodic in $y$ and $u_y=\pm 1$ almost everywhere. Conti proved that if $\beta\gtrsim\epsilon L/h^2$ then the minimal specific energy scales like $\sim \min\{(\epsilon\beta/L)^{1/2}, (\epsilon/L)^{2/3}\}$, as $(\epsilon/L)\to 0$. In the regime $(\epsilon\beta/L)^{1/2}\ll (\epsilon/L)^{2/3}$, we improve Conti's results, by computing exactly the minimal energy and by proving that minimizers are periodic one-dimensional sawtooth functions.

**Keywords:**
domain patterns, shape-memory alloys, martensitic phase transitions,
striped patterns, reflection positivity, one-dimensional minimizers

Alessandro Giuliani

Dipartimento di Matematica

Università di Roma Tre

L.go S. Leonardo Murialdo 1, 00146 Roma - Italy

e-mail: giuliani AT mat DOT uniroma3 DOT it

Stefan Mueller

Hausdorff Center for Mathematics

Universitaet Bonn

Endenicher Allee 60,
53115 Bonn - Germany

e-mail: stefan DOT mueller AT hcm DOT uni-bonn DOT de