FM 16-2013 (arXiv:1305.5323)

Authors: Alessandro Giuliani, Elliott H. Lieb, Robert Seiringer

Title: Realization of stripes and slabs in two and three dimensions
Abstract: We consider Ising models in two and three dimensions with nearest neighbor ferromagnetic interactions and long range, power law decaying, antiferromagnetic interactions. If the strength of the ferromagnetic coupling J is larger than a critical value Jc, then the ground state is homogeneous and ferromagnetic. As the critical value is approached from smaller values of J, it is believed that the ground state consists of a periodic array of stripes (d=2) or slabs (d=3), all of the same size and alternating magnetization. Here we prove rigorously that the ground state energy per site converges to that of the optimal periodic striped/slabbed state, in the limit that J tends to the ferromagnetic transition point. While this theorem does not prove rigorously that the ground state is precisely striped/slabbed, it does prove that in any suitably large box the ground state is striped/slabbed with high probability.

Keywords: Competing interactions, long range interactions, periodic patterns, striped state

A. Giuliani
Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica, Università degli Studi Roma Tre
L.go S. Leonardo Murialdo 1, 00146, Rome, Italy
E-mail address: giuliani AT mat DOT uniroma3 DOT it

E. H. Lieb
Department of Mathematics and Physics, Princeton University
Jadwin Hall, Princeton, NJ 08542-0708
E-mail address: lieb AT princeton DOT edu

R. Seiringer
IST Austria
Am Campus 1, 3400 Klosterneuburg, Austria
E-mail address: robert DOT seiringer AT ist DOT ac DOT at