Biographies of past number theorists and various items of historical interest

Return to Menu page

Return to Number Theory Web page

Some biographies of past contributors to number theory

Some of the major sources of obituaries of mathematicians are:
  1. The Mactutor History of Mathematics (MacTutor)
  2. Russian Mathematical Surveys (RMS)
  3. Acta Arithmetica (AA)
  4. Notices of the Americal Mathematical Society (NAMS)
  5. Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society (BLMS)
  6. Journal of the London Mathematical Society (JLMS) (Pre BLMS)
  7. Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society (PLMS) (Pre JLMS)
  8. The Mathematical Intelligencer
  9. Journal of Number Theory
  10. Mathematicians of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (David Wilkins' transcriptions from A Short Account of the History of Mathematics, by W.W. Rouse Ball)
  11. Historia Mathematica
A glance at Paulo Ribenboim's Fermat's Last Theorem for amateurs, Franz Lemmermeyer's Reciprocity Laws and L.E. Dickson's History of the Theory of Numbers, reveals the existence of many past number theorists about whom little is known.
Any corrections, extra information or links to additional online biographies should be passed on to Keith Matthews at webmaster@numbertheory.org


[ A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M ]
[ N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V | W | Z ]

  1. Rudolf Ahlswede
  2. Alexander Aigner
  3. Helen Popova Alderson
  4. William (Red) Alford
  5. William S. Anglin (1949-2004)
  6. Nesmith Ankeny
  7. Roger Apéry
  8. Peter Friedrich Arndt (Wikipedia)
  9. Cahit Arf (MacTutor)
  10. Emil Artin
    • Emil Artin (MacTutor)
    • Emil Artin, his life and his work, (by Hans Zassenhaus, Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic V, No. 1, January 1964)
    • Creating a life: Emil Artin in America, Della Dumbaugh and Joachim Schwermer, Bull. Amer. Math. Soc 50 (2013), 321-330
  11. Robert Ash, 1935-2015
  12. Oliver Atkin
  13. Frederick Valentine Atkinson (Angelo B. Mingarelli)
  14. L. Aubry
  15. James Burton Ax (1937-2006)
  16. Raymond Ayoub (1923-2013)
  17. A. A. Krishnaswami Ayyangar
  18. Paul Gustav Heinrich Bachmann (MacTutor)
  19. Mark Borisovich Barban (RMS)
  20. Eric Stephen Barnes
  21. Paul Bateman
  22. Mihály Bauer (MacTutor)
  23. Felix Behrend
  24. Eric Temple Bell (MacTutor)
  25. Gennadii Vladimirovich Belyi (1951-2001) Russ. Math. Surv. 57 981 (2002)
  26. Anne-Marie Bergé
  27. Joseph Louis François Bertrand (MacTutor)
  28. William Edward Hodgson Berwick
  29. Arne Karl August Beurling
  30. Bhaskara (MacTutor)
  31. Jacques de Billy (MacTutor)
  32. Hans Frederick Blichfeldt (MacTutor. Also see Stanford University memorial page)
  33. Fritz Blumer (1904-1988)
  34. Stjepan Bohniček (1872-1956)
  35. Alfred Theodore Brauer (MacTutor)
  36. Joel Lee Brenner (1912-1997)
  37. Robert Breusch (1907-1995)
  38. Béla Brindza (1958-2003)
  39. Jerzy Browkin (1934-2015) (Google translation)
  40. Viggo Brun
    • Viggo Brun (from an obituary by C. Scriba, Historia Mathematica 7 (1980), 1-6)
    • Viggo Brun (Christoph Scriba, Mitt. Math. Ges. Hamburg 11 (1985) 271-290)
    • Viggo Brun (Sigmund Selberg: Norske Vid. Selsk. Forh. (Trondheim) (1979) 57-61 - in Norwegian)
  41. Aleksandr Adol'fovich Bukhshtab (RMS)
  42. Viktor Yakovlevich Bunyakovsky (MacTutor)
  43. David G. Cantor passed away on November 19, 2012
  44. Leonard Carlitz
  45. Robert Daniel Carmichael (Wikipedia)
  46. John (Ian) William Scott Cassels
  47. Eugène Charles Catalan (MacTutor)
  48. Claude Chabauty
  49. John H. Chalk
  50. David Gawen Champernowne (ICGA Journal 23 December 2000)
  51. Albert Châtelet (MacTutor)
  52. François Châtelet (Wikipedia)
  53. Nikolai Grigorievich Chebotaryov (MacTutor)
  54. Pafnuty Lvovich Chebyshev (MacTutor)
  55. Thyagaraju Chelluri
  56. Chen Jingrun (Wikipedia)
  57. Claude Chevalley (MacTutor)
  58. Sarvadaman Chowla
  59. Nikolai Grigor'evich Chudakov
  60. Paul Cohen biography (Wikipedia), Paul J. Cohen memorial web page
  61. Harvey Cohn died on May 16, 2014
  62. Robert Coleman
  63. George Erskine Cooke (21/5/1942-19/12/1976)
  64. Albert Everett Cooper
  65. Harald Cramér (MacTutor)
  66. Richard Crandall (1947-2012)
  67. Allan Joseph Champneys Cunningham (JLMS)
  68. Harold Davenport
  69. Clive Selwyn Davis (1916-2009)
  70. Nicolaas Govert de Bruijn (MacTutor)
  71. Julius Wilhelm Richard Dedekind (MacTutor)
  72. Hubert Delange (1913-2003)
  73. Boris Nikolaevich Delone
  74. Max Deuring
    • Max Deuring (from the Göttingen Collection - also see Martin Kneser, Jahresbericht der Deutschen Mathematiker Vereinigung 89 (1987) 135-143, Peter Roquette, ibid 91 (1989) 109-125)
    • Max Deuring (AA)
  75. Leonard Eugene Dickson (MacTutor)
  76. Diophantus of Alexandria (MacTutor)
  77. Johann Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet
  78. Bohuslav Diviš (Also see J. Number Theory 9 1977, v-vii) and PhD tree
  79. Mary Dolciani
  80. Alain Durand (Lecture Notes in Mathematics 1415)
  81. Bernard Dwork
  82. Martin Eichler
    • Martin Eichler (AA)
    • Martin Eichler (MacTutor)
    • Leben und Werk von Martin Eichler, Elemente der Mathematik 49 (1994) 45-60 (by Jürg Kramer)
  83. Ferdinand Gotthold Max Eisenstein (MacTutor)
  84. Otto Endler (1929-1988)
  85. Veikko Ennola (1932-2013)
  86. Paul Epstein
  87. Eratosthenes of Cyrene (MacTutor)
  88. Paul Erdös
  89. Theodor Estermann
  90. Dennis Estes (June 18, 1941- Feb. 1, 1999)
  91. Euclid of Alexandria (MacTutor)
  92. Leonhard Euler
  93. Graham Everest
  94. Dmitrii Konstantinovich Faddeev
  95. Naum Il'ich Feldman
  96. Pierre de Fermat
  97. Nathan Fine (NAMS)
  98. Ernests Fogels
  99. Jérôme Franel (MacTutor)
  100. Giovanni Frattini (MacTutor)
  101. Ferdinand Georg Frobenius (MacTutor)
  102. Albrecht Fröhlich
  103. Wolfgang Fuchs (NAMS)
  104. Karl Rudolf Fueter
  105. Philipp Furtwängler (1869-1940)
  106. Steve Galovich
  107. Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss
  108. Leopold Bernhard Gegenbauer (MacTutor)
  109. Aleksandr Osipovich Gelfond
  110. Angelo Genocchi (MacTutor)
  111. André Gérardin
  112. Marie-Sophie Germain (MacTutor)
  113. Frank Emmett Gerth III
  114. James Whitbread Lee Glaisher (MacTutor)
  115. Herbert James Godwin (1922-2005)
  116. Christian Goldbach (MacTutor)
  117. Irving John (Jack) Good (1916-2009) (Virginia Tech)
  118. Basil Gordon Also see On the work of Basil Gordon
  119. William Sealey Gosset (MacTutor)
  120. Jorgen Pedersen Gram (MacTutor)
  121. George Greaves (BLMS 43, (2011) 203-205)
  122. Emil Grosswald
  123. Alexander Grothendieck - obituary (The Telegraph)
  124. Fritz Grunewald (MacTutor)
  125. Andrew Paul Guinand (MacTutor)
  126. Stan Gurak
  127. Jacques Salomon Hadamard (MacTutor)
  128. Heini Halberstam
  129. Marshall Hall Jr. (MacTutor)
  130. Harris Hancock
  131. Godfrey Harold Hardy
  132. Colin Brian Haselgrove (MacTutor)
  133. Helmut Hasse
  134. David Ryan Hayes (MacTutor)
  135. Erich Hecke
  136. Kurt Heegner
  137. Hans Arnold Heilbronn (MacTutor)
  138. Kurt Hensel (MacTutor)
  139. Jacques Herbrand (MacTutor)
  140. Charles Hermite (MacTutor)
  141. Gustav Herglotz (MacTutor)
  142. David Hilbert
  143. Edmund Hlawka (Robert Tichy)
  144. Ludwig Holzer (1891-1968) (Rudolf Einhorn: Rostock. Math. Kolloq. No. 27, (1985) 23-30)
  145. Loo-keng Hua
  146. Adolf Hurwitz
  147. Jun-ichi Igusa
  148. Masatoshi Gündüz Ikeda (MacTutor)
  149. Albert Edward Ingham
  150. Kustaa Inkeri
  151. Kenkichi Iwasawa
  152. Shokichi Iyanaga
  153. Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi
  154. Ernst Jacobsthal
  155. Timothy Paul Jameson (Lancaster Guardian)
  156. Vojtěch Jarník
    • Vojtěch Jarník (MacTutor)
    • Life and work of Vojtěch Jarník, Břetislav Novák, Published by the Union of Czech Mathematicians and Physicists, Zitna 25, Praha 1, Czech Republik
    • Vojtěch Jarník (AA)
  157. Michał Kalecki (Wikipedia)
  158. Pierre Kaplan
  159. Irving Kaplansky
  160. Erich Kamke
  161. Shri Dattathreya Ramachandra Kaprekar
  162. Anatolii Alexeevich Karatsuba (1937-2008) (photo)
  163. Aubrey J. Kempner
  164. Aleksandr Yakovlevich Khinchin (MacTutor)
  165. Péter Kiss (Wikipedia)
  166. Hendrik Douwe Kloosterman
  167. Stanislaw Knapowski (MacTutor)
  168. John Knopfmacher
  169. Marvin Knopp (1933-2011)
  170. Chao Ko (Wikipedia)
  171. Niels Fabian Helge von Koch (MacTutor)
  172. Jurjen Ferdinand Koksma (MacTutor)
  173. Kjell Kolden
  174. Ivan Korec
  175. Alexander Nikolaevich Korkine (in Russian) (english translation by Bob Burns)
  176. Miloš Kössler
  177. Marc Krasner (Wikipedia)
  178. Leopold Kronecker (MacTutor)
  179. Jonas Petrovich Kubilius
  180. Robert Maruo Kubota (1942-1973)
  181. Ernst Eduard Kummer (MacTutor)
  182. Sigekatu Kuroda
    • Sigekatu Kuroda (MacTutor)
    • Sigekatu Kuroda (J. Number Theory 7 1975, 1-4)
  183. József Kürschák
  184. Rodion Osievich Kuz'min (Wikipedia)
  185. Nikolai Vasil'evitch Kuznetsov (1939-2010)
  186. Joseph-Louis Lagrange
  187. Gabriel Lamé (MacTutor)
  188. Edmund Georg Hermann Landau
  189. Serge Lang
  190. Bob Laxton (1933-2002)
  191. Victor Amédée Lebesgue (1791-1875) (Les-mathematiques.net)
  192. Adrien-Marie Legendre
  193. Derrick Henry Lehmer (AA)
  194. Emma Lehmer
  195. Joseph Lehner
  196. Cornelis Gerrit Lekkerkerker (Nieuw Archief voor Wiskunde)
  197. Heinrich-Wolfgang Leopoldt
  198. Mathias Lerch (MacTutor)
  199. William Judson LeVeque (NAMS)
  200. Norman Levinson (MacTutor)
  201. Donald J. Lewis died on February 25, 2015
  202. Richard P. Lewis died on 26th July 2007 Pierre Liardet died on August 29, 2014
  203. Carl Louis Ferdinand von Lindemann (MacTutor)
  204. Frederick Lindemann - Lord Cherwell (1886-1957) (Wikipedia), Number Theory and Other Reminiscences of Viscount Cherwell (Notes and Records of the Royal Society of Londoni, E.M. Wright)
  205. Edward Hubert Linfoot
    • Edward Hubert Linfoot (J.H. Bell: BLMS 16 (1984) 52-58); J. Linfoot: Math. Intelligencer 15 (1993) 39-43
    • Edward Hubert Linfoot (Wikipedia)
  206. Yuri Vladimirovich Linnik
  207. Joseph Liouville (MacTutor)
  208. John Edensor Littlewood
  209. Wilhelm Ljunggren (MacTutor)
    • The Collected Papers of Wilhelm Ljunggren, Ed. Paulo Ribenboim, Queen's papers in pure and applied mathematics 115, 2003
  210. Robert Landis Long
  211. Salomon Lubelski (AA)
  212. François Edouard Anatole Lucas (MacTutor)
  213. Hans Maass (Wikipedia)
  214. Alexander Murray Macbeath
  215. Manohar Lal Madan died on April 3, 2011
  216. Kurt Mahler
  217. Wilhelm Maier (1896-1990)
  218. Edmond Maillet
  219. Henry Mann (Ohio collection)
  220. Alla Lavrik-Männlin (March 2nd, 1964-February 14th, 2003)
  221. Andrei Andreyevich Markov (MacTutor)
  222. George Ballard Mathews
  223. Emile Léonard Mathieu (MacTutor)
  224. Daniel Friedrich Ernst Meissel (MacTutor)
  225. Puliyakot Kesava Menon (1917-1979) (Bull. Math. Assoc. India 18 (1986), no. 1-4, 21-24)
  226. Franz Mertens (MacTutor)
  227. William H. Mills (November 9, 1921- March 7, 2007) (See A prime-representing function, Bull. Amer. Math. Soc., Volume 53, Number 12 (1947), 1196-1196, also Wikipedia article
  228. Hermann Minkowski
  229. Dimitry Mirimanoff
  230. Leon Mirsky (BLMS 18 (1986) 195-206)
  231. Richar Anthony Mollin
  232. August Ferdinand Möbius (MacTutor)
  233. Louis Joel Mordell
  234. Taro Morishima
  235. Leo Moser
  236. Theodore Samuel Motzkin
  237. Thomas Muir (MacTutor)
  238. Trygve Nagell (AA)
    • The Collected Papers of Trygve Nagell, Ed. Paulo Ribenboim, Queen's papers in pure and applied mathematics 121, 2003
  239. Christopher Eastick Nelson (?-1973)
  240. Jürgen Neukirch, (1937-1997) in memoriam by Theodor Bröcker
  241. Donald J. Newman (Wikipedia)
  242. Morris Newman
  243. Ivan Niven (obituary by Kenneth Ross)
  244. Břetislav Novák
  245. Robert Winston Keith Odoni (Sept 2003 issue, Glasgow Math. Journal)
  246. Carl Douglas Olds
  247. Vyacheslav Alekseevich Oleinikov (RMS)
  248. Kathleen Timpson Ollerenshaw (MacTutor)
  249. Alexander Oppenheim
  250. Hans-Heinrich Ostmann (Wikipedia), also (Obituary JDMV 86, 1984, 31-35)
  251. Oystein Ore (MacTutor)
  252. Alexander Markowich Ostrowski
  253. Ali Özlük 1952-2012
  254. Gordon Pall (no biography)
  255. Pan Chengdong
  256. William Parry Royal Society Memoirs
  257. Wilhelm Patz (no biography)
  258. William Barry Pennington (BLMS)
  259. Oskar Perron
  260. Hans Petersson (MacTutor)
  261. Walter Philipp
  262. Ilya Piatetski-Shapiro (1929-2009)
  263. Joachim Piehler
  264. Jean François Théophile Pépin (Wikipedia)
  265. Subbayya Sivasankaranarayana Pillai
  266. Nils Pipping (1890-1982)
  267. Charles Pisot
  268. Peter Arthur Barry Pleasants (24th August 1939- 20th April 2008)
  269. Henry Cabourn Pocklington Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol. 8, No. 22 (Nov. 1953) 555-565 (JSTOR)
  270. Felix Pollaczek
  271. George Pólya (MacTutor)
  272. Alf van der Poorten (1942-2010)
  273. J. Popken (1905-1970) (H. Jager, C.G.Lekkerkerker: Nieuw Archief voor Wiskunde 19 (1971) 1-9)
  274. Aleksei Georgievich Postnikov (RMS)
  275. Ralph Earnest Powers (Wikipedia)
  276. Karl Prachar (1924-1994) (E. Hlawka: Monatshefte für Math. 121 (1996) 1-9)
  277. Hans Rademacher
  278. S. Raghavan
  279. Steve Rallis (AMS Notices)
  280. Kanakanahalli Ramachandra
  281. Kollagunta Gopalaiyer Ramanathan
  282. Chidambaram Padmanabhan Ramanujam (MacTutor)
  283. Srinivasa Ramanujan
  284. George Neal Raney (1922-2015)
  285. Robert Alexander Rankin (MacTutor)
  286. Ramanujan website (Prof. K. Srinivasa Rao)
  287. László Rédei
  288. Hans Reichardt
  289. Robert Remak (MacTutor)
  290. Alfréd Rényi
  291. Giovanni Ricci (AA)
  292. Hans-Egon Richert
  293. Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann
  294. Hans Riesel (Wikipedia biography)
  295. Phillipe Robba (Wikipedia biography)
  296. Raphael Robinson (MacTutor)
  297. Kirill Andreevich Rodosskii (1913-2004)
  298. Claude Ambrose Rogers
  299. Jonathan Rogawski (1955-2011)
  300. Nikolai Pavlovich Romanov
  301. David Rosen
  302. Arnold Ross (NAMS)
  303. John Barkley Rosser (Wikipedia)
  304. Klaus Friedrich Roth
  305. Louis Saalschütz (Wikipedia)
  306. Raphaël Salem
  307. Pierre Samuel (Wikipedia)
  308. Giovanii Sansone
  309. Peter Scherk (1910-1985)
  310. Theodor Schneider (MacTutor)
  311. Lev Genrikhovich Schnirel'mann (translation by Vladimir Drobot)
  312. Arnold Scholz
  313. Lowell Schoenfeld (John Ewing's tribute)
  314. Theodor Schönemann (Wikipedia)
  315. Issai Schur (MacTutor)
  316. Jack Schwartz died on March 2, 2009 (author of Algebraic Number Theory, 1961, NYU Institute of Mathematical Sciences) Also see Jack Schwartz Memorial Blog and Wikipedia article
  317. Stefan Schwarz (MacTutor)
  318. Wolfgang Schwarz
  319. Sanford (Sandy) Segal (1937-2010)
  320. Beniamino Segre (AA)
  321. Atle Selberg
  322. Sigmund Selberg (Wikipedia)
  323. Clas-Olaf Selenius
  324. John Selfridge (1927-2010)
  325. Joseph Alfred Serret (MacTutor)
  326. Joseph Shalika (1941-2010), In Memoriam: Joseph A. Shalika 1941-2010, Freydoon Shahidi, American Journal of Mathematics, Volume 132, Number 6, December 2010, pp. iii-iv
  327. Daniel Shanks
  328. Harold Nathaniel Shapiro
  329. Andrei Borisovich Shidlovsky (RMS)
  330. Takuro Shintani (J. Fac. Sci. Tokyo 28 (1981) iii-vi)
  331. Lev Genrikhovich Shnirelman (MacTutor)
  332. Carl Ludwig Siegel
  333. Waclaw Sierpinski
  334. Václav Šimerka (Franz Lemmermeyer, LMS J. Computing and Mathematics, 16 (2013) 118-129) Also see Wikipedia article
  335. Stanley Skewes (Wikipedia)
  336. Albert Thoralf Skolem
  337. Boris Fadeevich Skubenko (1929-1993) (see Zap. Nauchn. Semin. POMI 212 5-14 (1994) and Boris F. Skubenko. An essay on his life and scientific work, Volume 83, Number 5/February, 1997, 689-693)
  338. Henry John Stephen Smith
  339. Robert Arnold Smith (1937-1983) (E. Kani: Rocky Mountain J. 15 (1985) 413-415)
  340. Julius Sommer (Wikipedia)
  341. Robert Samuel Spira (1927-2013)
  342. Vladimir Gennadievich Sprindzuk
  343. Paul Gustav Stäckel (MacTutor)
  344. Gertrude Katherine Stanley
  345. Sergei Borisovich Stechkin (RMS)
  346. Ray Steiner (1942-2014) (The Blade)
  347. Rosemarie Stemmler (July 27, 1930-July 18, 2011)
  348. Moritz Abraham Stern (MacTutor)
  349. Ludwig Stickelberger (Wikipedia)
  350. Thomas Jan Stieltjes (MacTutor)
  351. Richard G. Stoneham (1920-1996)
  352. Carl Størmer (1874-1957)
    • Carl Størmer in memoriam, by Viggo Brun, Acta Math. 100, 1958, i-vii
    • Carl Størmer (Wikipedia)
  353. Walter Wilson Stothers
  354. Reinhold Straßmann (Wikipedia)
  355. Ernst Gabor Strauss
  356. Erik Stridsberg (1871-1950)
  357. Matukumalli Venkata Subbarao, 1921-2006 (R. Balasubramanian)
  358. Zyoiti Suetuna (MacTutor)
  359. George Szekeres(1911-2005)
  360. Kazimierz Szymiczek (1939-2015)
  361. Teiji Takagi (MacTutor)
  362. Ralph Tambs-Lyche (Obituary by Ernst S. Selmer, Normat 39 (1991))
  363. Yutaka Taniyama
  364. Olga Taussky-Todd (MacTutor)
  365. Paul Emery Thomas (Berkeley memorial)
  366. Axel Thue
  367. Heinrich Franz Friedrich Tietze (MacTutor)
  368. Nikolai Mikhailovich Timofeev (RMS)
  369. Edward Charles Titchmarsh
  370. Paul Turán
  371. Jerzy Urbanowicz
  372. James Victor Uspensky (1883-1947)
  373. Charles-Joseph de la Vallée Poussin
  374. Johannes Gualtherus van der Corput (AA)
  375. Harry Schultz Vandiver (MacTutor)
  376. Joost van Hamel
  377. Jacobus Hendricus van Lint (MacTutor)
  378. Boris Alekseevich Venkov (Wikipedia)
  379. Boris Borisovich Venkov died in Aachen on November 10th, 2011
  380. Tirukkannapuram Vijayaraghavan (JLMS 33 (1958) 252-255)
  381. Askol'd Ivanovich Vinogradov (1929-2005)
  382. Ivan Matveevich Vinogradov
  383. Niels Fabian Helge von Koch (MacTutor)
  384. Karl Georg Christian von Staudt (MacTutor)
  385. Sergei Mikhailovich Voronin (RMS)
  386. Georgy Fedoseevich Voronoi (MacTutor)
  387. Arnold Zel'manovich Walfisz
  388. Donald Dines Wall (Wikipedia)
  389. Edward Waring (MacTutor)
  390. Morgan Ward
  391. Jack Warga
  392. George Neville Watson (MacTutor)
  393. George Leo Watson
  394. Heinrich Martin Weber (MacTutor)
  395. André Weil
  396. Alfred Edward Western (JLMS)
  397. Hermann Weyl
  398. Albert Leon Whiteman (NAMS)
  399. Arthur Wieferich
  400. Carl Severin Wigert (Wikipedia)
  401. John Raymond Wilton (Australian dictionary of Biography)
  402. Anders Wiman (Trygve Nagell, Acta Math. 103 (1960) I-VI)
  403. Aurel Friedrich Wintner (MacTutor)
  404. Jan Wójcik (1936-1994) (A. Schinzel, Wiadom. Math. 33 (1997), 199-203)
  405. Dieter Wolke (1942-2015)
  406. Joseph Wolstenholme (MacTutor)
  407. Rod Worley died on 24th July 2011
  408. John Wrench Jr.
  409. Sir Edward Maitland Wright
  410. Yoshihiko Yamamoto (died in 2004)
  411. Hans Zassenhaus
  412. Egor Ivanovich Zolotarev

Top of page

Last modified 2nd May 2016